Understanding Volume 1 Number 8 & 9
For August and September, 1956
EDITOR …… DANIEL W. FRY
circulating manage ……….. evelyn nicolais
corresponding secretary …. rhoda mills
Art work by ………… ralph huffman
Published monthly by Understanding, a non-profit organization dedicated to the propagation of a
better understanding among all the peoples of earth, and of those who are not of earth.
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VOL. 1 AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER No. 8-9
With the Democratic and Republican National Conventions furnishing headlines for newspapers throughout the country, the people of the United States are again reminded that they are face to face with the serious task of choosing a group of leaders to pilot and manage our Ship of State through the next four years.
By some, this task of choosing leaders is approached in a spirit of levity. Others, (far too many others) approach it in a spirit of belligerence. Neither attitude is conducive of success in picking the individual best suited for the position. We must remember that the Presidency of the United States is not a prize to be bestowed upon the actor who puts on the best show, nor upon the pugilist who wages the best fight. If we were choosing a man to pilot an airplane which was to carry us on a long and dangerous flight into an unknown region, we would be foolish to allow ourselves to be unduly influenced by the personality of the applicant. If we were wise, we would realize that personality is not necessarily a reflection of character. Our chief concern would be the character of the applicant and his ability to pilot.
In the coming months, as the time of decision draws near, we will be engulfed in a flood of oratory and exhortation praising this man and denouncing that one. We will hear again the glowing promises which have been made in every political campaign since our elective system was established, and which have seldom been remembered afterwards. We will find that the truly vital issues are seldom aired, but we will be belabored with endless arguments on corollary subjects of comparatively little importance.
The coming national election may well prove to be the most important choice which the people of this country, or of any country, have ever been called upon to make. It would be well, therefore, if we could establish firmly in our minds certain fundamental facts as guides to our choice. First: the political party to which the candidate belongs is, at best, of only secondary importance. We have enjoyed prosperity, and have suffered economic depressions under each of the two political parties now vying for power. We have been forced into war, and have found the way to peace under each. The argument that the coming into power of one party or the other would pose a serious threat to our national welfare is a baseless one as history has proven upon many occasions.
Second: we should be slow to accept a candidate whose principal arguments are based on destructive criticism, remembering the classic advice given by a famous barrister to his law student, “If the law is on your side, talk the law. If justice is on your side, talk justice. But if neither law nor justice are on your side, your best course is to lambaste the opposition.”
Third: we must remember that the man whom we choose as our chief executive today has a more difficult task and a greater responsibility than has been placed upon any of our leaders in the past. The United States government has, regardless of its own desires, been forced into a position of world leadership. The decisions and policies of our government are reflected in the attitude and the actions of every government on earth whether satellite or free.
Upon our president and his advisers will devolve the task of finding the path to peace. If it is to be a true peace, it must be one which recognizes the freedom and dignity of the individual. This is a tremendous task but one which must be accomplished. There is no alternative. If our leaders fail to find the way to peace, no other qualities which they may have had will be of any significance to our descendants, if there should be any.
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Everyone is called upon to adjust himself to certain persons and situations, for there are many differences of viewpoint, of aspiration, of taste, of disposition. In our home, at our work, wherever we may find ourself, we can adjust our self happily to our world. The secret of such adjustment is to learn to look beyond the things that seem difficult to approve of or understand to the good that is surely present.
When we approach an experience with love and understanding we move through it poised and content, we contribute something substantial and helpful to it, and we gain understanding and wisdom from it.
The practice of looking for something good in every person and in every situation creates a flexibility of mind and openness of heart that enables us to make adjustments without resistance or struggle; that inspires us to minimize the failings or shortcomings of others; that helps us to keep faith in the divine idea that underlies all.
Calling all Teen-Agers! This is your page, so let’s hear from you. We want your opinion on all of the problems which are facing the world today, also on subjects which might be considered “out of this world.”
The following article contains excerpts from, “What is Right with Teen Agers?” by Ralph Rhea. It appeared in the July, 1956, issue of “YOU,” a Unity Publication.
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By Ralph Rhea
I’d like to set these words down on paper just as though we were having a little talk. I mean to be informal even though these words say something I feel deeply in my heart.
Much is said these days about what is wrong with teen-agers. I would like to talk about some of the things that are right with them.
You probably get a little weary at times, perhaps greatly so, of being referred to as a peculiar breed of humanity simply because you happened to have turned thirteen and are not yet twenty. This you will have to learn to accept philosophically. When any minority group is thought of separately from the rest of the population that group is referred to often as though every member of the group had the same personality. Because some members of the group are guilty of something, all in the group are looked on as being guilty. You and I know this is not true, of course.
I know many teen-agers quite well. Most of them are fine persons, and many are a personal inspiration to me.
Not long ago a group of high school students were gathered around the Ping-pong table in our rumpus room. I did not intend to eavesdrop but I could not help hearing some of the conversation. One of the girls said, “My parents are old fogies. They don’t understand. Their ideas are all out of date.”
Instantly one of the boys took it up. “I don’t know,” he said, “I like your parents, and they seem pretty ‘hep’ to me. Maybe you should listen to them more than you do.”
Then the conversation turned to an “odd ball” who recently had been paroled after he was convicted of vandalism. None of them condoned the act nor did anyone consider it funny. Do you know what those teen-agers
mostly were concerned with? They were concerned with the approach that could be made to get this young fellow to change his ways!
It would be a good thing if more of the older adults would discuss this kind of problem from such a constructive viewpoint.
Having talked with many high school teachers and principals as well as with many parents, I would like to sum up those conversations and tell you what we believe about you teen-agers.
We believe that you have problems to meet. Some of these problems are similar and some are quite dissimilar from those that we had to meet in our own generation. We believe that the easy accessibility of alcoholic beverages, high-speed automobiles, the wide-spread dissemination of sex information divorced from high moral standards, and a laxity in the principles of some of the older adults have created for you serious problems in your lives.
We believe that the way most of you are meeting these problems is heartening and admirable.
We believe you want a good life, that you plan seriously to obtain a good education to build a satisfying career, and to fulfill your place in the community as a good citizen.
We believe that you do not approve of the obnoxious or criminal acts’ of the few misguided young people who commit them any more than we who are older approve of them.
We believe that you face a strong urge to be popular and that this urge sometimes takes the wrong trend. We believe it may seem to you that in order to be one of the “Mister Bigs” in the school you must have a “customized job” with the “nose shaved” and “duals” and a forward torque that will “lay a good strip anytime, any place.”
Again, we believe that you are meeting this problem with good sense and admirable restraint, and developing a sense of real values. In every high school there exists a great admiration for the outstanding scholars and leaders of the student body. I recently attended a meeting for the purpose of taking some new members into the National Honor Society. It was most reassuring to see the attitudes of the students at large, and to observe the great admiration for these outstanding scholars.
All this is not flattery; it is the truth. We love you, Miss and Mr. Teenager! we believe in you. As parents and teachers our hearts are filled with the desire to help.
Let me make a request in closing. Take us into your confidence. Let us
know how you think and feel. If there are things you believe are unjust, talk about them. If we do not seem to understand, have patience. Give us a little time, and then talk about them some more.
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1. Make sure that your automobile is in good condition.
2. Watch for school children and grownups.
3. Keep your mind on driving and not on your passengers.
4. Stay within the speed limit. Keep good control of your car at all time.
-THE MANUAL CRAFTSMAN
Manual High and Vocational School.
Kansas City, Missouri.
* * *
A Ham’s Soliloquy
(Apologies to Bill Shakespeare)
To rise, or not to rise, that is the question.
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind, to cast off
The unseemly shackles of Morpheus, or to sink
Quietly back into the consoling arms of Lethe.
To dawdle comfortably along the path of the least resistance,
Or to struggle desperately for minute and questionable accomplishments.
Life is not for ease and comfort, for the ultimate of ease and
Comfort is death.
It matters little whether the goal is attained,
It is the struggle that is the essence of life.
By our daily toil, therefore, we justify our own existence,
And- make our tiny, unnoticed marks upon the endless scroll of history.
by Dan Fry
By F. P. Stone, Editor of the Australian Saucer Record
One is not long associated with the study of UFO literature, or the work of research into the phenomena, without coming upon these strange and fantastic reports of spacecraft beings and their behavior. In this category are those accounts of green men, little men, very weird disappearing men, and many other such stories.
At first the logical mind does the natural thing in casting aside such “rubbish” as unworthy of consideration. Without specifying any particular case as being more fantastic than others and not worth consideration, one is compelled by weight of evidence at times to study them in the light of possibilities, even if they are improbable to the human mind. And it is here that the whole key of the researcher’s work lies; for we are naturally prone to measure everything upon the scale of our own human conceptions, rather than realize that we are literally dealing with things “out of this world” and which therefore in some cases are not necessarily human as we know it.
Let us then before we cast aside such cases, stop and consider some of them at least.
Take the cases of the men three or four feet high. Surely this is one of the most reasonable of the reports for it is not beyond our own human standard. We have men of the Pygmy tribes, and the Masai, both extremes in stature, in one continent alone on this earth. Why not on other planets?
Then there are the reports of hairy, animal-like creatures. Do we not use animals here on earth, to do laborious work for us? It is to be noted that in such reports the creatures were doing manual labor; therefore is it not reasonable to suppose that they could have been trained by the intelligentsia of the saucers to do such work while they remained as the scientific crew? It must be added that these reports have been given by many reliable witnesses.
From these we go to the definitely weird and fantastic reports. Space does not permit us to probe into these here; but one cannot with a wave of the hand dismiss them all entirely. One should file them ready for further investigation as more evidence arrives. Possibilities of alien forms of life have not passed the mind of the great scientist, Professor Oberth, who prefers to believe that a form of life dissimilar to ours is more likely than that of homo sapiens to exist on other planets. He himself is a declared believer in the UFO as being extra-terrestrial.
While we as a society prefer to take the opposite view as most possible In general, we cannot afford to ignore any case and therefore must await with patience future revelation of knowledge. Because the evidence, in those cases and others, at times appears to be beyond our ken, we would be foolish indeed to cast any evidence completely aside as impossible. We must remember that the Great Architect in His Grand Design of the Universe may have many designs and patterns beyond our greatest imagination. So often the things which are impossible with man are possible with God, and it would be well to take this axiom as a guide and yardstick: “The supernatural is the natural not fully understood.”
Reprinted from Vol. 2, No. 1, Australian Saucer Record
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By M. K. Spencer
When we survey the history of the world from ancient times to the present age of Atomic and Hydrogen bombs, we feel certain that, in spite of occasional setbacks, it is a history of progress, materially, morally, mentally and spiritually. Aristotle considered woman as a chattel and slavery as a natural institution. Each generation has witnessed remarkable progress and the backward countries of the world are steadily advancing. The age of imperialism and colonialism is fast ending. It was a unique event in the history of the world when Great Britain, most peacefully and amicably, withdrew its political sovereignty over India and allowed its people full rights of self government.
The war that has been threatening to cover the whole world for many months past will not take place, for the very weapons which man has invented for the destruction of his brother man can also cause his own destruction. Man has come to realize that his own happiness, peace and prosperity lie in the happiness, peace and prosperity of his neighbor. Man’s consciousness of the Sovereign Spirit working in life has made man aware how puny he is, and that the only way to be happy is by following God’s Law of Love and Harmony, which must be the rule for the coming millennium.
We are marching towards that millennium. The Spirit is emerging triumphant. The West and East have at last begun to understand each other and the various ideologies are melting into one comprehensive understanding that the world’s peoples must unite and men must march, joyfully and peacefully, hand in hand, towards one common goal of One World Government and Oneness of Religion.
269, R. A. Lines, Karachi, Pakistan. Reprinted from “The Voice.”
* * *
I hold the unconquerable belief that science and peace will triumph over ignorance and war, that nations will come together not to destroy but to construct and that the future belongs to those who accomplish most for humanity.
* * *
It is my intense conviction that our decision, born of necessity to build the hydrogen bomb must be accompanied by the immediate initiation of a moral crusade for peace having a far greater potential effect than any physical weapon, even chunks of the sun.
Tolerance is the positive and cordial effort to understand another’s beliefs, practices and habits without necessarily sharing or accepting them.
-JOSHUA LOTH LIEBMAN
There are no warlike people – just warlike leaders.
-RALPH J. BUNCHE
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Nothing in life is to be feared. It is only to be understood.
* * *
Bigotry and intolerance are always the inevitable marks of ignorance, while the first fruits of education are sympathy and understanding. It may make you indifferent to what you believe, but it will never make you indifferent to how you live.
-REV. JOSEPH R. SIZOO
It is easier to perceive error than to find truth, for the former lives on the surface and is easily seen, while the latter lies in the depth where few are willing to search for it.
Will Monsters Appear in Our Times?
Some believe that the past thirty years of Science Fiction have prepared people for the coming of space craft and space travel, and that higher intelligence planned it that way. Now that sightings of extraterrestrial visitors have become news, a disturbing question arises in the mind. Will the malevolent beings and horrors depicted in science fiction also materialize – giant ants, or reptiles, or perhaps “tenuous monsters from the Id” or some other menace from earth, sea or sky?
To those who know of the detailed correspondence of physical things with spiritual or intellectual things, more specifically as explained -by that great savant and seer, Swedenborg (1688-1772), it is an alarming fact that the monsters, or their spirit counterpart, are already here. These dragons are of a very definite and identifiable sort, and the field of the earth has become so poisoned that the planet is in danger. The symbolic forms appear in the horror movies, King Kong, Godzilla the Beast from 20,000 Fathoms, and so on.
These gargantuan creatures far surpass in size and destructiveness the early fictitious monsters like the beast in Poe’s “Murders in the Rue Morgue” or the degenerate villain of Stevenson’s “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde,” which strangled women and crushed children underfoot. King Kong climbs buildings, fishes people out of windows. Godzilla stomps on cities, tears up railroad trains, burns with a death ray. These bogeys defy army and navy might, and swat jet planes out of the sky. While Poe and Stevenson obviously intended to symbolize unregenerate human nature unloosed, our modern movies plainly are presenting not one man’s perversions, but society’s wrongdoing. Whole nations go wrong, as Germany, Italy and Japan did, following mangods and wreaking destruction. Such inverted nationalism is only one sort of monster that menaces the planet. We Americans fondly believe that our country would never be overrun by false nationalism, although a mad unreasoning program of storing atomic bombs has been started.
When the reviving Nazis warn foreign troops to leave “the holy soil of Germany,” they are mixing religion with patriotism. When a Los Angeles
newspaper, debating whether or not to end hydrogen bomb tests for the safety of mankind, declares that, “of course the over-riding consideration is the safety of the United States,’ the editor is mixed up similarly. Such thinking mixes three levels of value: self interest, the cause of mankind and the love of God. The “isms” that result are spiritual monstrosities which can crush one man or a nation spiritually and, in the long run, physically.
In the Bible, the first command is to love God. The second is to love thy neighbor. A man can be trusted to look out for his self interest, so no third command is needed for this. Again we refer to Swedenborg, who says the love of God should be as the head, the love of the neighbor (including city, state and flag) as the body, and self interest as the feet. The lower must serve the higher. When inversion becomes a habit, watch out for King Kong! If a whole nation goes flag crazy, race crazy or is given to emperor worship, catastrophe cannot be averted. The monsters then crush the intellectual cities that house reason, they tear down the spiritual buildings that are the homes of the decent kindly human impulses. They tear up the moral railroad tracks that hold the nation together morally, and do the other things whose physical symbols make such a gruesome spectacle on the movie screen. After spiritual devastation, a nation cannot avoid physical destruction, especially in an Atomic Age.
The detailed correspondence is not so hard to grasp. The word “King” suggests that the evil represented is the love and habit of ruling over others, which is the life of militarism, or any totalitarianism, for that matter. The monster’s thick hide stands for imperviousness to public criticism or pangs of conscience. The peanut sized brain speaks for itself. The huge voice might symbolize the primitive claim to general power, whether in a religious, political or commercial field. The defending army could mean man’s moral reserves in action; the navy, his knowledge at work to repel the “ism;” the air force, his religious resources in operation. Whether man or nation, he or they must overcome the monster.
Will actual physical dragons appear on earth to symbolize these spirit counterparts that threaten mankind today? If they do, will the space people help us defend the planet’s surface? Or will they leave it to us to act together, all nations, in a common cause? Who knows?
-BY BILL RAWLINSON
In his examination of the natural laws or facts of the Universe, man is greatly handicapped by the fact that insofar as time is concerned, he has never progressed beyond a unidimensional perception. Those who are familiar with the analogies used to explain some portions of the theory of relativity, will recall that in attempting to achieve a concept of a four dimensional continuum, the reader is asked first to imagine a man who is conscious of only one dimension in space. His entire universe consists of a single line. If a dot were placed on the line in front of him, and one behind, he would be completely imprisoned, since he would not be able to conceive of going over or around them. As his intelligence and consciousness developed, he would eventually become aware of a second dimension, and to imprison him then, it would be necessary to enclose him in a circle. With further development, he would become aware of a third dimension in which a sphere would be a prison, and so on.
We are now conscious of three dimensions of space, and have done considerable mathematical reasoning in regard to a fourth. Unfortunately, insofar as time is concerned, our consciousness has never progressed beyond the first dimension. We are confined to a single line in time. We have no concept of lateral motion, nor can we even turn around upon that line. We can only go forward. Many of the difficulties which we encounter in our attempt to understand the operation of the natural laws arise because of our severely restricted concept of the nature of time.
Time has often been referred to as the `fourth dimension’ by those who attempt to explain our present concept of relativity. It is usually pointed out that, since all known bodies of matter in the Universe are constantly in motion with respect to each other, if we wish to describe the position of any body, it is necessary to give a point in time as well as a spatial relationship to any other body or bodies. There is, however, a more convincing method of demonstrating that time is a dimension, although we believe it would be more precise to consider it as the first dimension rather than the fourth since it is the one dimension in which all motion must take place. We are at the present, conscious of three dimensions of space, and we know that motion can take place in any one of the three, but whichever dimension of space is involved,
the motion must also take place in time. Our term for the rate of motion is the word velocity, which is defined as being the degree of change in location per unit of time. If an object has a velocity of 1000 feet per second, with respect to our point of observation, we will see that in one thousandth of a second the object will have moved one foot. In one millionth of a second it will have moved only one thousandth of a foot, and so on. We can easily see that if the time becomes zero the motion must also become zero.
The science of photography has reached a state of development which permits us to take photographs with very short exposure times. By the stroboscopic method of photography, which is now being superceded by an even faster method, we were able to take several hundred thousand consecutive pictures in one second. In these pictures even the fastest projectile seems frozen into immobility. We have taken pictures of a rifle bullet penetrating an ordinary electric light bulb, in which three complete and consecutive pictures have been made between the time the bullet first touched the bulb and the time that the first crack appeared in the glass. In these pictures, the bullet appears to be completely motionless. Of course the taking of the picture actually did involve a very small elapse of time, and so a very small amount of motion did occur during its taking, but it again illustrates the fact that no motion which we can perceive, can take place except within that dimension of time of which we are conscious.
Having pointed out the limitations of our consciousness concerning this factor which we call time, let us now go back and examine it as best we can, with that degree of consciousness and understanding which we have.
We will again attempt to choose the simplest possible definition. We defined space as `that which separates bodies of matter,’ so we will define time as `that which separates events.’ (If there is no discerning separation in this respect, the events are said to be simultaneous.) Of course we immediately hear the objection that events may be separated by space as well as time, or that they may be separated by space without being separated by time. This statement, while usually considered to be true, yet forms a stumbling block which has precipitated many a philosopher into the quagmire of misunderstanding and paradox. The difficulty arises in our attempt to define the term simultaneous. If two events are separated by space, how shall we determine whether or not they are separated by time? The observer cannot be present at the site of both events, and so must observe one or both of them through the separation of space, and therefore through the curvature of natural law which the separation represents. In referring to this problem
in the introduction to his first book on relativity, Dr. Einstein pointed out that since our only contact with the world about us is through our senses, and since all of the knowledge which we have concerning the universe has come to us through them, if we are to formulate mathematical rules based upon our observations, we must begin with the postulate that the things which our senses tell us, are true. If we should observe, through a large telescope, the creation of a nova in a remote galaxy, and at the same time observe the eruption of a volcano upon our own earth, we must assume, for the purpose of our mathematics, that the two events are simultaneous. This is a postulate which is difficult to accept because the faculty which we call reason immediately interposes the objection that a separation in space involves an elapse of time between the event and our perception of it. However, Dr. Einstein points out that if we allow our reason to modify our observations, we will be evolving a concept whose value is based only upon the validity of our reason, rather than upon the accuracy of our observations. We must postulate that events which are observed simultaneously, occur simultaneously insofar as that observer is concerned, and that, therefore, the simultaneity of events is a condition which depends entirely upon the position of the observer with respect to those events.
If we examine this concept carefully, we find that time follows the same curve of natural law which is apparent in the operation of all the basic factors of nature, and again the radius of that curvature is measured by the quantity C. A simple analogy may serve to make this statement more readily understood. Suppose we were to start today to build a space ship. We will postulate that the ship will require one year of our time to build, and that when completed, it will be capable of infinite acceleration. We will assume that a continuous supply of energy is available from an outside source, and that the craft will continue to accelerate so long as this energy acts upon it. During the year which we spend in building the craft, light is being reflected from us into space, so that an observer with a telescope stationed at some other point in space could follow the course of its construction. When we have completed the construction of our craft we will enter it and take off for a destination which we will assume to be a planet orbiting about Alpha or Proxima Centauri, our next nearest suns, about four light years distant. We have a telescope of unlimited power in the rear of the craft pointed toward the earth which we are leaving, and another telescope at the front focused upon the planet which is our destination. We will set the field strength for a constant acceleration, and seat ourselves at our telescopes to observe the result. After
we have risen a few miles from the surface, we will, for the purpose of furnishing an additional reference point, eject from the craft and its field, a cannon ball or other sphere of metal which has been specially painted so that it can readily be observed from any distance with the aid of our unlimited telescopes. Since we had not yet reached escape velocity when the ball was ejected, we will observe that it soon begins to fall back to earth.
As we continue to accelerate, we will observe that the kinetic energy differential which we are producing between ourselves and our points of observation is producing exactly the effect upon time which is predicted by our postulate of the curvature of natural law. Since the distance or degree of separation between ourselves and the earth is increasing with time, the energy differential is negative, which means that the natural laws at the observed point will be displaced towards the base or zero line of the sine curve, insofar as our observations are concerned. If we reach a velocity equal to one half that of light, and then observe a clock on earth through our telescope, we will see that in ten hours of our time, only five hours have been recorded by the earth clock. If we observe the test sphere which we ejected during our take off, (assuming that it has not yet reached the ground) we will see that it is not falling at the rate predicted by our laws of gravitation, but at a rate only half as great. We will also observe that the sphere is not accelerating at the rate predicted by our laws, nor even at half that rate. Since we ourselves are still accelerating, the observed acceleration of the sphere is diminished by a factor which is proportionate to ours. We must remember that we can only observe events through the light which is emitted or reflected by the objects concerned with those events, and if we ourselves have a motion equal to one half that velocity in the direction in which the light is moving, then a column or sequence of light impulses which were emitted from the earth during a five hour period, would require ten hours to pass our point of observation.
When the velocity of our craft reaches that of light with respect to the earth, there will be a negative energy differential, equal to the quantity C, existing between us and our point of observation. We will observe that all natural laws upon the earth have reached zero value with respect to us. All motion and all changes have ceased. If we observe our test sphere we will see that gravity is no longer acting upon it, since it has ceased to fall. All laws of motion are in abeyance and the factor which we call time has ceased to have any significance.
To make these observations, of course, we would require one of the new
telescopes which operates on the retention of vision principle, where the last image to arrive remains upon the viewing screen until a new light image arrives to change it. When we reach the velocity C, no new light will arrive, hence the picture will not change until we change our velocity.
Since we postulated at the beginning of this analogy that our craft was capable of unlimited acceleration, and since the postulated force continues to act, our velocity will continue to increase and we will have between our selves and the earth, a rate of increase in the degree of separation which is greater than that specified by the quantity C. We can do this from our point of reference although, as will be explained later, we cannot do it from the point of view of an observer upon the earth. When we have passed through the velocity C, a startling change occurs in our observations. We no longer observe the earth from the telescope at the rear of the craft. The earth now appears in the telescope at the front, and we are no longer leaving the earth. We are now approaching it. We will see a craft which is identical to ours, and which is indeed our own craft, detach itself from us and move back toward earth ahead of us at a rate which is proportionate to our excess over the velocity C. If we observe the earth, we discover that all natural laws are operating in reverse. If we observe the test sphere we will see that it is now falling away from the earth rather than towards it. Gravity between the earth and the sphere has become negative with respect to our point of reference as have all the natural laws. We observe this through the forward telescope rather than that at the rear, because we are now overtaking the light which had passed us before we had reached the velocity C, and since we are overtaking it, we encounter first that light which passed us last. All events occur in reverse, just as would the scenes in a motion picture film which is being run backwards.
If we complete our journey to the planet which is our destination, at an average velocity equal to 4 times C, we will arrive with an elapsed time of one year as measured by the clocks on our own craft. During the journey, however, we will observe the elapse of five years of time upon the planet which we are approaching, and the elapse of three years of negative time upon the earth which we are leaving. In other words we will arrive at our destination three years before we left the earth. If immediately upon our arrival we seat ourselves at a telescope of sufficient power to observe the earth at close range, we will see ourselves going about the daily tasks which we performed two years before we began to build the space craft in which we made the journey. If we then focus the telescope upon the proper point in
space we will see ourselves in our space craft, flying backwards toward the earth.
We are now in a position from which we can observe the sine curve nature of all natural law, and to measure precisely the radius of the curvature. If we observe the earth, we see that time there is positive. That is: it is moving in the direction which we consider normal. Since there is no significant energy differential, the time rate is essentially the same, but because of the degree of spatial separation there will be a displacement along the time curve between the observer and the point which he is observing. According to our theory of the curvature of natural law, this displacement should be equal to D divided by C, where D is the distance and C is our basic factor. In the case of our present observation the distance is equal to 4:C:Years, which if divided by C will equal 4 years, which is precisely the degree of displacement which we observe. If we now turn our attention to the space craft, we find that we are observing it through an energy differential which exceeds the quantity C and therefore the craft is within the negative portion of the curve, and all natural laws will be operating in reverse at that point. We are now in a unique position, in that we now can, from a single point in time or at least from a single point in the only dimension of time of which we are conscious, observe ourselves occupying three rather widely separated positions in space. First: our position at the telescope as the observer, at this point time is positive; second, our position on the surface of the earth. Here time is also positive but has a negative displacement upon the time curve which is equal to four years. Third, our position in the space craft: here time is negative, as demonstrated by the fact that we observe it flying backwards toward the earth, and all actions taking place within it occur in reverse order. This is, of course, due to the fact that the craft had a velocity greater than that of C and so was constantly leaving behind the light which was emitted or reflected from it. As we observe the craft from our new reference point, the last light which it emitted arrives first.
If we continue to observe for several years, we will eventually see ourselves build the craft and take off into space. At the same time we can see ourselves in the same craft hurtling backward through space toward the inevitable meeting point where the past and the future join to become the present. Since we are observing ourselves simultaneously occupying three different positions in space, we can readily see that we are forced to a concept of time which includes more than one dimension. If we continue to observe the two craft, we will see that the one which is moving away from us is constantly
slowing down, while the one coming toward us from the earth is accelerating. At the instant in which the velocity of the receding craft reaches zero, the approaching craft will reach it, coincide with it, and both craft will disappear completely from our view. Our lateral excursion into time has completed its curve and we have returned to the starting point in our uni-dimensional concept.
There is only one thing left to do. We immediately leap into our space craft and begin our return journey to earth. As before, we achieve an average velocity equal to 4C. We land our craft near the observatory of an astronomer who is a friend of ours, and rush in to tell him of our return, we find him seated at his telescope observing our landing upon the planet which we had set out to visit. When we inform him that we achieved an average velocity of 4C, his reply is that this is impossible since the laws of relativity clearly state that no object can achieve a velocity in excess of C (with respect to a given reference point). He will also point out that he has been observing us constantly since our take off from the earth and that only now, today, five years later, were we observed to have reached our destination. Since the journey required five years of earth time, our average velocity was only four fifths that of light.
According to the primary postulate of relativity, that for mathematical purposes we must accept the results of our observations as valid, the astronomer is perfectly correct in his statement that we did not. and could not have exceeded the velocity C. The mere fact that we may have returned, be seated at his side, and may perhaps be assisting him in his work, does not in any way affect the validity of his observations nor the mathematics of relativity which he applies thereto. He can only state that our arrival upon the distant planet, and the moment of our return to earth were in fact simultaneous.
We can see that, even if our energy level had been so close to infinite that the outward trip had required only one second, if during the one second trip we had emitted enough light to make observation possible, the astronomer upon the earth would note that the trip required four years and one second, and so would have undeniable proof of the mathematics which postulate that only with infinite energy may the velocity C be achieved.
By Idabel Overlease
A reprint from the El Monte, California, Press, May 24, 1956
Having recently researched a show on FLYING SAUCERS for my weekly T.V. program, ASSIGNMENT AMERICA, I now feel that I can make an authoritative statement: either there ARE space-craft from other planets, or there are NOT!
I talked with honest, responsible men such as a high school teacher, a Doctor of Optometry, and an engineer, all of whom swore they had seen flying saucers, and talked with people from outer space. We checked with the heads of the U.S. Air Force and they said, “NONSENSE! These are dead planets, and there can be no life under such atmospheric conditions.” And being the kind of gal who believes practically everything I have concluded that there are flying saucers and that they are all nonsense!
Now the only thing that remains is to try and figure out what the space people think about US! And I can see the goggle-eyed space man now . . . as he hurries home to his family on another planet after a trip to earth. He tosses his space helmet to little Nixxe to play with and says to his wife:
“Guess where I been?” She says, “Don’t give me that routine about flying to EARTH again . . . why don’t you tell me you have been working overtime, like OTHER space husbands?”
“I tell you, I HAVE been there,” he insists, “and THIS you will never believe.”
“You are SO right!” she replies, flipping her ears around so’s not to miss anything, “but go ahead.”
“Well,” says the space-man, “on earth they have periods of light and dark. guess what everybody does?”
“Play blind-man’s bluff?”
“Listen to political speeches on whatever antiquated system of communications they are using??”
“No. So why don’t you give up?”
“So tell me, already.”
Then the spaceman tries to get control of himself, and says, “When it gets dark on earth, EVERYBODY . . . but everybody . . . falls prone on their posteriors, and loses consciousness until it gets light again! Can you BELIEVE IT?”
His wife comes close and sniffs his breath. “Be quiet!” she hisses, “you want the neighbors to think you’re a crackpot? You know what the heads of
the INTERPLANETARY PATROL FORCE have said!”
He cowers and says, “What?”
“They say it’s all NONSENSE. And that there can be no life on earth because no one could live under the atmospheric conditions of ALL THAT SELAH !
Vancouver Area Flying Saucer Club
Vancouver, B. C.
Sept. 12, 1956
El Monte, Calif.
Dear Mrs. Mills:
I received this morning, 8 copies of Understanding, issues from April to July – no invoice enclosed, but I presume said copies are 25c each? I have enclosed $2.00. Trust this is correct. We could sell many more at our meetings, if you could possibly supply us.
We have nearly 150 members now, and interest is growing. We have had letters from Calgary, Alberta and Prince George, B.C., from people who are very interested, and who want to form clubs there. The gentleman in Calgary is 71 years old. He mailed us a clipping from the Calgary Herald, which featured, on the front page, the lecture given by Mr. Fry to our club, at the Art Gallery in June. The gentleman from Prince George, phoned long distance for information, then drove over 600 miles down through the mountains to Vancouver, to attend our meeting last night. We have given them information regarding your books, etc. Trust you may be able to give us confirmation concerning subscriptions, and inform us if more booklets are available. Our next meeting will be October 9th. We should like to have some more literature by then, if possible.
Best wishes for continued success.
(Miss) O. M. BEATON, SECTY.
Reports of sightings are coming in from all parts of the globe and we are expecting even more in the near future. While not carried in the metropolitan papers, the following is typical of the many reports. This account was submitted by a subscriber, Mrs. Jack Breithaupt of Grants Pass, Oregon. It appeared in the Grants Pass newspaper of June 30, 1956.
HIGH FLYING OBJECTS SIGHTED BY FIVE MEN
Five men working at the Spaulding mill at Murphy yesterday noon reported viewing two sets of what appeared to be high flying saucers streaking across the sky in a northwesterly direction, according to Archie Carlin on SE G street, one of the viewers. No evidence of vapor trail, such as made by jet aircraft, was observed, he said. There were five to six units in each of two groups which passed about four minutes apart.
* * *
Greetings to new Units of Understanding that have organized within the last two weeks! The San Mateo, California group is headed by Celia Barnes of San Mateo. The new Pomona unit is under the leadership of Natalie horeson of Pomona.
We have received a communication from the Oakland, California Unit stating that there were about eighty present at their July meeting. Do we have a Unit that can top this? Let’s hear from you. We welcome reports of progress and other news items from all Units.
The secretary of the Vancouver, British Columbia Flying Saucer Club writes that they now have 100 members with more joining at every meeting. They meet on the second Tuesday of each month in a lecture hall of the Vancouver Art Gallery. Vancouver readers please note.
Understanding has obtained a few copies of the book, “A Plan for Peace” by Grenville Clark. While the book was written in 1950, and is not now in general circulation, we believe it to be a valuable text, because it contains an approach to world peace which has been enthusiastically endorsed by many of the foremost men of this country.
Although the book lists at $1.25, it is being made available to readers of Understanding at 75 cents per copy as long as our small supply lasts.
AS AN APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING
A plan for peace, by grenville clark ……. $.75
army of light by florence donovan R.n. …. 1.50
greater saucer conspiracy, by major donal keyhoe ……. 3.50
INTO THIS WORLD AND OUT AGAIN, BY GEORGE VAN TASSEL …….. 1.50
inside the space ships, by george adamski …………. 3.50
many mansions, by gina cerminara …….. 3.75
peace, by florence donovan r.n. ……….. .50
secret of the saucers, by orfeo angelucci … 3.00
THE CASE FOR THE UFO, BY M.K. JESSUP… 3.50
The venusians, by lee crandall …………. 2.00
TO MEN OF EARTH, BY DANIEL FRY ……. 1.00
UNITY IN THE SPIRIT, BY COMPTESSE DE PIERREFEU …………… 2.00
UNIVERSE AND DR. EINSTEIN, BY LINCOLN BARNET………. 2.75
visitors from space, by eugene drake …… 1.00
WHITE SANDS INCIDENT, BY DANIEL FRY…… 1.50
WISDOM IN PRACTISE, BY VERA STANELY ALDER…………. 2.75
GOLDEN LIGHT ………. DONATION BASIS
SAUCERS…………… (four issues) $1.00
TELONIC RESEARCH … .50
flying saucer review ….. .30
LITTLE LISTENING POST …………. (SIX ISSUES) 2.00
These books may be purchased from Understanding. We pay all postage.
Residents of California please add 4% Sales Tax.
DOUBLE ISSUE NOTE
Because of the tremendous activity that has taken place in the last few months, the publication of the magazine Understanding has been so greatly delayed that we have found it necessary to resort to a two month issue under one cover. All subscriptions will be extended one month in order that subscribers may receive twelve issues.