For April 1956


ARE WE PREPARED?   ……             2

SPACECRAFT DEPARTMENT   ………             3


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR   …………….             4

STEPS TO THE STARS   ……………            7

SUMMARY   …………….           13

POETS FORUM   …………….             14

THE BULLETIN BOARD   …………….          16

BOOKS RECOMMENDED   …………….            17

——— ♦ ———








Published monthly by ‘Understanding,’ a non-profit
organization dedicated to the propagation of a better understanding among all
the peoples of the earth, and of those who are not of earth.


ISSUES) $2.50






At the close of the last World War, the United States was
by far the greatest military power in the world. Immediately after the close of
this conflict however, our armed forces, principally because of the insistence
of our people, began a program of self dissolution unparalleled in history.
Within a few years, we had reduced ourselves to virtual military impotence. We
felt that the war was over and that there was no logical reason to maintain a
state of preparedness. When the Korean ‘police action’ was undertaken, we
suddenly awoke to the fact that we had, in spite of the comparatively large
sums expended upon our armed service, become, in fact, a third or fourth rate
military power. We also awoke to the fact that again the grim spectre of world
war was beginning to shake its mailed fist.

For the second time in a single decade, we embarked upon
an all out race for armaments. This race is still going on. In our search for
more and more powerful weapons, we have been so successful that we now have the power to destroy utterly, any enemy or combinations of enemies which might
array themselves against us. There are two facts, however, which detract from
the satisfaction which we might otherwise feel at this accomplishment. In the
first place we cannot use these weapons to their fullest extent against anyone
without sealing our own doom in the process. In the second place, our potential
enemy has remained neck and neck in this race. He also has the power to destroy
us, together with himself and the rest of the world.

Fortunately for all of us, the leaders of both sides are
well aware of the fact that neither can hope to win, or even to survive a
nuclear war. We may be quite sure that no nation on earth is now planning to
launch a nuclear war. Because of the fact that both sides are so completely
prepared for instant retaliation in case of attack, there is always some danger
that we may become involved in war by accident or misunderstanding, but aside
from this possibly we may look toward peace. True it will be peace which, for a
number of years, will continue to be marred by the sabre rattling of would-be
power politicians and local conflicts between small nations who need not fear
atomic retaliation. 1 Nevertheless, it will be a peace which will move
ever nearer to the ideal of human relationship which every intelligent man
cherishes in his heart. This prospect however gives rise to a serious and
disturbing question. We are so completely prepared for war, that war has become
unlikely, but how well are we prepared for peace?

Suppose, for example,
that tomorrow morning, the government of the Soviet Union should announce that
free elections would be held immediately all the satellite states;
that they were instituting an extensive program of disarmament, including all
nuclear weapons; and that all international problems would be submitted to the
United Nations for arbitration. This is, of course, a contingency which is
exceedingly remote, but just imagine for a moment that it had actually
occurred. Consider the terrible impact which this announcement would have upon
our war inspired, war geared and war supported economy. We might suddenly find
this economy collapsing into the greatest depression in all our history.
Perhaps this is an exaggeration of the danger, but the problem does exist.

We have spent the last
five years in a tremendous and sustained effort to prepare for war. It is time
that we began to make a little greater effort to prepare for peace.




As a short introduction to the series of articles which
will appear on the subject of “Spacecraft in Oriental Literature” by
Winona Cromwell we here-with present a few reports which were taken from Hindu
Literature by Col. lames Churchward. The title of the first article which will
be published next month will he “The Car Celestial.”

Hindu Manuscript, date
unknown (B.C.) : “When morning dawned, Rama, taking the celestial car
which Pushpaka had sent him by Vivpishand, stood ready to depart. Self-moving was that car; it was large
and finely paint ed. It had two stories and many chambers with windows and was
draped with flags and banners. It gave forth melodious sound as it coursed
along its airy way.’

Hindu Manuscript, dated
500 B.C.: “Rawan, King of Ceylon(?),
flew over the enemy’s army and dropped bombs, causing many casualties.
Eventually Rawan was captured and slain and his flying machine fell into the
hands of the Hindu chieftain Ram Chandra who flew it all the way back to his
capital Adjudhia in Northern India.”

James Churchward says, in his book, “The Children of Mu,”
published in 1931, “Without question both of these manuscripts were taken
from the same temple records at Ayhodia, as was the Rama and Sita poem,
referring back 20,000 years ago.

Maha Bharata (1000 B.B.): Mention is made in this ancient
book of the “gift of a flying machine” by a king to a brother monarch
as a token of friendship.

These are the most detailed accounts I have found about
the airships of the Hindus 15,000 to 20,000 years
ago, except one which is a draining and
instructions for the construction of the airship and her machinery, power,
engine. etc. The power is taken from the atmosphere in a very simple, inex-pensive
manner. The engine is somewhat like our present-day turbine in that it works
from one chamber into another lentil finally exhausted. Wh
en the engine is once started it never stops until
turned off. It trill continue on if allowed to do so until the bearings are
worn out.
These ships could keep circling around the earth without
ever once coming down until the machinery wore out. The poker is unlimited, or rather limited only by what
metals will stand. I
find various flights spoken of which according
to our maps would run from 1000 to 3000 miles.

All records relating to these airships distinctly state
that they were self-moving, they propelled themselves; in other words, they
generated their own power as they flew along. They were independent of all
fuel. It seems to me in face of this, and with all our boasting, we are about 15,000 to 20,000
years behind the times. Dropping bombs from airships is a new sport with
us, less than twenty years old; yet here we see that it was done 15,000 to
20,000 years ago. Rawan was shot down with a circular gun that spit fire and
made thun. der which is uncommonly like some of our machine guns today. Yet the
world is flattering itself today that never before during the history of man
has there ever been such a brainy lot of scientists as are with us at the
present time. Pure egotism crowned with ignorance. I feel like the sage of old
who said: “There is nothing new under the sun.” There are many
Chinese records of about the same date regarding these ancient flying


The following excerpt is taken from the book, “Wisdom
in Practice,” by Vera Stanley Alder.

“For it must be the apathy and unconcern of every man
which has brought the world to the terrible impasse that obtains today. The
leaders of men can only act as public opinion or public strength of mind or
character allows them. Dictators can, and do in part, mould public opinion, but
alternatively, they can be moulded by it. Most strong men are both potential
tyrants and potential benefactors. The issue is largely determined by the
desires of people around them – their environment. Only a definite social
condition allows a certain type of leader to come to power. It is the mentality
of the public, made up of the mentalities of you and myself, which rules the
issue. We, and only we. are in the last analysis responsible.

If this is so, then there is but one remedy for present
world chaos. It is for each and everyone of us to begin at once to do our share
of thinking, and help to make public opinion an entirely new and courageous and
clear and omnipotent thing. Then, and only then, can we expect a new and
splendid world in which to live – a splendid world which is there all the time,
but from which we shut ourselves out simply by lack of thought.”




Dear Mr. Fry,

I am enclosing this beautiful Ancient Hebrew Meditation as
a contribution to “Understanding.” The Ancients surely had a
wonderful inner knowl-edge of God and the way he works.

with best wishes,



Aulhor Unknown

As submitted by Professor Tassel

I am, without beginning, without end. Older than Night or
Day. younger than the babe newborn, brighter than light, darker than darkness,
beyond all things and creatures, yet fixed in the heart of everyone.

Of all existence I am the source, the continuation, and
the end. 1 am the germ, I am the growth, I am the decay. All things and
creatures I send forth; I support them while yet they stand without; and when
the dream of separation ends, I cause their return unto myself. I am the Life,
and the Wheel of the Law, and the Way that leadeth to the Beyond. There is none

My presence is the substance of all things. I am the
virgin snow on the mountain heights; I am the fruit in the valley depths, 1 am
the gold and silver of the temple vessels; I am the mire on the sandals left by
the faithful at the temple gate. See me and regard me equally in all, O Israel,
and thou shalt see indeed.

Seek me in the Holy of Holies, in the heart of the true Temple,
on the Holy Mountain. Behold I am with thee always, and I never sleep. Before
all worlds I was; in all worlds I am, and when all worlds are but a memory, I
shall be.

——— ♦ ———

Because it so perfectly exemplifies our policy of
promoting personal correspondence between the people of all nations, we are
taking the liberty of reprinting the following letter from Jane Palmer’s Column
in the Los Angeles Mirror News. We add our plea to hers that you write to one
or more of the friendly young people whose names are listed here.

Dear Madame:

I am a Japanese boy-student, and I am very glad to have an
opportunity to send this letter to you. Thinking it is essential to the peace
of the world that w e understand each other well, and wanting that we should
like to make a little bridge between your
country and mine to promote international goodwill through our correspondence,
I am writing this letter. It is regret to say, as you already noticed, that I
am not good at English, but please introduce me to boys and girls of your
country and find some pen friends for me.

Sincerely wishing this
hope of mine will be accepted and accompanied by your kindness.



P.S. I’m 19 years old and making a special study of
chemistry at
University of Tokyo. I take much interest in literature, oil
paintings, etc.

Toshio Sudo, 443

Kogane, Matsudo-shi, Japan.

Other people who want pen friends are: Marie Collins, Hill
View, Port-laoise, Laois, Ireland, age 14, likes swimming, tennis, stamps,
films; Yasuo Ito, 72 Monma P.O.Z., Sugitomach,
Kitakakatsusika-gun, Saitama, Japan, age 16, likes sketching, stamps,
ping-gong; David Shiroma, 45-559 Luluku Road, Kaneohe, Oahu, Hawaii, age 28, Miss Shirley Morgan, 34 Fitzherbert
Ave., Springvale, Wanganui, New Zealand, age 19; Margaret King, c/o Clerical
Branch, Chief P.O., Wanganui, New Zealand, age 17; 4010783 SAC. Hodge, D.R., Signals Centre Ceylon, R.A.F. Negombo,
Ceylon, who writes for him-self and his friend 4123075 SAC Earle, E., who has the same address, wishes to start
writing “pen pals” around the world, too.

——— ♦ ———

True understanding is the prerogative of the gods, but man can approach it by intense aspiration, by development of intelligence, and by conquest of fear. From THINK.




Chapter 2


Perhaps the greatest obstacle to man’s achievement of his
dream of space travel has been a factor which has been given the name of
Gravity. Its ‘discover’ is usually credited, in elementary school test books,
to a seventeenth century mathematician and physicist, Sir Isaac Newton.
Actually, of course, every man `discovers’ gravity soon after birth; and the stone
age man who first rolled a boulder down upon the head of the cave bear who was
attempting to scramble up the cliff after him, was making a practical
application of this force. It was, however, Sir Isaac Newton who first made a
complete mathematical analysis of the subject. His conclusions were compatible
with subsequent observation and test, and were virtually unchallenged until the
dawn of the era of relativity.

In brief, his
conclusions were that gravity is a quality which is inherent in all matter, and
that it manifests itself as a mutual attraction between all bodies of matter.
The value of this attraction between any two given bodies was said to be
directly proportionate to the product of their mass, and
inversely proportionate to the square of the distance
between them. The attraction between the earth and an object near its surface
is known as the weight’ of the object. The difficulty with the statement that
the force varies inversely as the square of the distance lies in the
implication that if the distance becomes zero, the force should become
infinite. Thus it would at first seem that a man standing or lying upon the
surface of the earth would be one of two bodies between whom the distance was zero,
therefore, the weight of the man should be infinitely great. The reply to this
assumption is that the Force acts as though it originated at the center of the
mass, called the ‘center )f gravity’, and that the man on the surface of the
earth is still some four thousand miles from its center of gravity. This
explanation, however, creates a new problem in that, if we accept it literally,
we must assume that if there were a well or shaft extending to the center of
the earth, and if a man descended this shaft, his weight would increase as he
approached the center of gravity, becoming infinite as he reached it. Actually.
of course, his weight would decrease, becoming zero when his center of gravity
coincided with that
of the earth. So we are forced to the further
explanation that gravity is inherent, not in ‘bodies,’ but in particles of
matter, and since a man at the center of the earth would have an equal number
of particles attracting him from every direction, the resultant of the forces
would be zero.

If we assume the gravity to reside independently within
each atom, our problem is solved as far as the man and the earth are concerned,
but if we look within the atom itself in the attempt to find the point where
the distance becomes zero, and the force infinite, we find that the same
problem again confronts us. We have not solved it, we have only changed our
scale of observation. There is conclusive evidence that the attraction, called
the binding energy, which exists between the Newtonian particles, (the protons
and the neutrons) is intense almost beyond our ability to describe. This force,
however, does not increase uniformly with increasing mass, but at certain
points not only reaches zero but actually becomes negative.

We can demonstrate this fact by adding a single unit of
Newtonian mass, a neutron, to the nucleus of an atom of Uranium 235. When this
is done, we find that the gravitational force within the nucleus, instead of
increasing actually becomes negative, that is, the attraction between its parts
becomes a repulsion, and the parts begin to separate with considerable
brisance. During the expansion, however, several new centers of gravity are
formed, which, be-cause of the smaller amount of mass involved in each, are
strongly positive. The result is that two or more simpler atoms are formed,
plus a few neutrons which Dave acquired too great a velocity to be captured by
this regrouping process.

This phenomenon, if carefully examined and considered,
will furnish several strong clues to the nature of gravity itself, but let us
for the moment, content ourselves with the observation that it demonstrates;
that a gravitational field can, under certain conditions, become negative.

Because of the manner in which our gravitational laws have
been expressed, it has commonly been assumed that a gravitational force can
manifest itself only as an attraction between two bodies of matter. This is
not, however, a necessity of thought, since there is no logical reason why it
should necessarily be true: In fact if it were true, it would set gravitational
fields apart as the only force fields with which we are familiar which could
not produce a repulsion, as well as an attraction between bodies of matter. The
reason for the assumption of a universal attraction is simply that all of our
early and limited observations seemed to indicate that this was true. However,
as we have already mentioned, any number of observations, if made on a
sufficiently limited scale, will tend to indicate that the earth is flat,
rather than spherical.

For many years a school of thought existed which
recognized that gravitational fields, like all other fields, must possess a
dual polarity. They called these poles, gravity and levity. They assumed that
some objects and materials normally possessed the quality of gravity, while
others normally possessed the quality of levity. An object possessing levity
would be repelled by all objects possessing gravity. The theory eventually
became discredited, and was almost universally discarded, not because it was
ever disproved, but because so many attempts had been made to assign this
quality of levity to objects and materials which did not actually possess it.
For instance it was, for a time, assumed that gases such as hydrogen and helium
possessed levity because when they were contained in a light bag or envelope,
they were observed to rise against the gravitational field. It was soon
demonstrated, however, that its rise was caused, not by any quality of levity,
but simply ‘because of the fact that its specific gravity was less than that of
the air which it displaced. After a number of unsuccessful attempts to assign
the quality of levity to specific materials or objects, the theory fell into
disrepute to the extent that the very word levity has become synonymous with
humorous nonsense. Nevertheless, the philosophers who developed the theory were
perfectly correct in their primary postulate. They erred only in failing to
realize that gravity and levity are not properties of specific materials but
are conditions under which all matter may come.

We have now observed negative gravitation in the microcosm
(the interior of the atom), we also observe it in the macrocosm, (between the

Many technical articles have been written in recent years,
concerning “Our Expanding Universe,” yet where, in any of them, can
we find any logical explanation or reason why it should expand at all. Under
the theory of universal attraction, all of the matter in the universe should be
rapidly coalescing into one gigantic lump. Instead, we find that every one of
the large groups of stars which we call ‘galaxies,’ is rapidly retreating from
every other group, at velocities which increase with their distance from the
observer. Velocities of recession exceeding 25,000 miles per second have been

A number of interesting but hardly convincing theories
have been advanced in the attempt to reconcile the observed state of the
universe with the existing concept of universal attraction. Some of our cosmic
theorists have proposed that at one time all of the matter in the universe was
contained in a single tremendous star, or ‘atom.’ For some reason, which is not
given, this atom exploded, hurling outward the matter which has become the star
clusters, and imparting to them the motion which we now observe, several
billions of years later. Since this theory will be discussed further in
succeeding chapters, we will only point out here that such a theory will not
stand up when examined under our linear concept of physical law. In the first
place, such an inconceivably huge mass of matter, even at the very great
temperature which was assumed for it, would, under Newtonian laws, produce a
gravitational field so intense that no velocity less than that of light itself
would be an ‘escape’ velocity. In fact it has been calculated that even the
light emitted by this huge sun would not escape completely, but would circle in
a comparatively small orbit about it. Through the concept of the curvature of
physical law, however, we see that the addition of mass to an
existing body does not, necessarily, increase the force of attraction between
its parts, but may, under certain conditions, cause the field to become
negative, and the attraction to become a repulsion. We can explain the observed
actions of the present universe by postulating that an attraction exists
between the individual bodies within a galaxy, because their total mass and
distance is such that they are within the positive portion of the gravitational
curve with respect to each other. In the vast spaces between the galaxies
however, the curve dips below the zero line, with the result that a repulsion
exists between the galaxies them-selves. This also explains why matter,
although rather evenly distributed throughout the known universe, is not
distributed uniformly, but is found in quire similar concentrations at
comparatively regular distances.

At this point we hear someone say, “These
explanations may be very interesting to the astronomer or to the theoretical
physicist, but how can they help us in achieving space travel'” The answer
is, of course, that we must have some understanding of the physical laws before
we can make the proper use of them in attaining our own personal ambitions.

In his dreams of space travel, man has generally
considered only three possibilities of escaping from the earth. First, gravity
must be destroyed. That is, the operation of the gravitational field must cease
between the space craft and the earth, so that it will not hinder the departure
of the craft. While a number of highly imaginative stories have been written
along this line of thought, no theory has ever been evolved, or test conducted
which could give us any hope that such a condition can be achieved.

Despairing of the first possibility, we pass on to the
second. Gravity must be shielded. Some type of screening material must be
interposed between the craft and the earth to cut off or absorb the gravitational
field so that while it still exists, it will no longer act upon the craft. Here
again we have found imagination raising our hopes, and reality disappointing,
for no material has 10 been discovered which shows any promise of fulfilling
such a function. With our hopes considerably subdued, we pass on to the third
possibility. Gravity must be overcome. We must apply a greater force, so that
we can rise against the pull of gravity, even though we much pay an exorbitant
tribute of energy for each foot of progress. In this last plan, we have a
slight degree of initial success. Rocket motors have fought and struggled their
way upward against the implacable, if impersonal, pull of the earth’s
gravitational field, for distances of up to two hundred and fifty miles. While
this is a very small step toward complete escape from the earth, the fact that
any progress at all could be achieved. has so stimulated the age old ambition,
that science is now devoting a large portion of its total effort to this ‘last
hope of escape’.’

When man attempts to attain his ends by pitting one
natural law against another, he usually finds that it is a wasteful and
laborious process. While it is true that it is perfectly possible to propel a
rowboat by throwing rocks from the stern, it is not a method which an
intelligent man would choose if he were aware of other
possibilities. In the first place, the thrown rock must accelerate, not only
the boat, but all of the rocks which remain to be thrown. If a long journey
were planned, the greatest problem would be to find enough room in the boat to
store the required number of rocks. Since the thrust produced is equal to the
mass of the rock multiplied by the velocity of its ejection, it is obvious that
there are three limiting factors. First, there is the total mass of the
available rock, which is limited by the size of the boat which contains them.
Second, there is the total amount of energy available. (‘This is a factor only
because we have so little understanding of the true nature of energy.) The
third, and at the present time the most serious factor, is the limited
mechanical strength of the throwing arm.

In a rocket motor, the ‘rocks’ are represented by a gas
produced by combining or ‘burning’ the fuels within the combustion chamber. The
gas, at a high temperature and pressure, is expelled through an opening or ‘venturi’
in the stern. Since the amount of fuel is limited by the size of the rocket,
the only means of increasing the total thrust is to increase the velocity of
ejection, but this can only be accomplished by increasing the temperature and
pressure of the gas within the combustion chamber. Regardless of the amount of
energy which is available, the amount of thrust which can be produced is
limited by the ability of the chamber to withstand the temperatures and
pressures involved. Since these limits are reached (and often exceeded) by
ordinary chemical energies, it is clear that the vastly greater energies
available in nuclear reactions are, at the present time at least, of academic
interest only to the rocket engineer. In the case of craft which remained in
our atmosphere, of course, more ‘rocks’ could
be taken aboard while in flight by by scooping up the atmosphere through which
the ship was traveling, and allowing the surplus energy to act upon it. In
space flight, however, this is not possible, and it is hard!), likely that the
efficiency of the rocket motor can be increased sufficiently in the near future
to permit of practical or economical space travel.

Actually, the rocket has
been obsolete for centuries. There has not been a single basic advance in the
rocket concept since the year
when the invading hordes of
Genghis Khan were met by the military ordnance rockets of the Chinese defenders
in their walled cities, more than seven hundred years ago. True, we have
produced stronger combustion chambers. We have improved slightly the shape of
the venturi, and we have developed fuels with considerably higher specific
impulse, but we have done nothing to advance the basic concept. We are still
propelling our boat by throwing rocks over the stern.

Men now living will
stand upon the surface of Mars and Venus, but they will not go there in a
rocket. There are better and simpler ways.

It is time to reexamine
our position to see if there is not something that we have overlooked. Have we
forgotten the old saying, “If you can’t lick ’em join ’em”?

We have tried for
centuries to ‘lick’ the force of gravity. We have tried to destroy it, and
failed. We have searched for some method of shielding ourselves from its
effect. We have not discovered it. We have attempted to overcome it by opposing
it with superior force, and found it a wasteful and cumbersome process. Isn’t
it about time we gave up the idea of fighting the force of gravity, and began
to consider the possibilities of making use of it?

We have learned that
gravity, like all natural factors has a negative, as well as a positive value.
If after building our space craft, we could arrange conditions so that the ship
was in the negative portion of the gravitational curve, it would fall away from
the earth as easily and as naturally as a stone dropped from a tower falls
toward the earth.

Of course, we hear at
once the objection that, while negative gravitational fields have been shown to
exist, they have been found only within the atom, and at inter-galactic
distances. How can we place a space ship within the negative portion of the
curve, with respect to the earth ? The answer to this question lies in the fact
that, as we have already learned, the natural laws are not absolute, but
relative. That is, the size and shape of the curve of one law is dependent upon
the value and position of the others. We have seen that the nucleus of the atom
of uranium
235 dips below the zero line with the addition of only
one mass unit, making, a total of
yet the nucleus of the atom of uranium
238, although close to the zero line is still on the positive side of the
curve because of the fact that the shape of the gravitational curve is modified
not only by the mass present but also by the number and position of the
electrical charges. Lest someone charge us with ignorance by pointing out that
there are the same number of electrons (92) in each of these atoms, we will
make haste to state that we refer not only to the charges in the outer shell of
the atom but to those within as well, and especially to the fact, not always
realized, that the neutron possesses both a positive and a negative charge,
although when united within the neutron they are not discernable as charges,
but exist as energy (a part of the binding energy which produces the
gravitational field).

When we acquire a better
understanding of the natural we will be able to produce any shape of curve we
desire, with the earth as one reference point and the spacecraft as the other.

Suppose you were to hand
a bar magnet and a similar bar of soft iron to a man who was intelligent, but
uneducated, with the request that he examine and test the two objects in order
to determine their properties. One of the properties which the researcher would
be certain to list would be the ‘inherent’ property of mutual attraction
between the two objects. He would observe that when either end of one bar
approached either end of the other bar, a condition of attraction was observed.
He would probably conclude that the attraction was an inherent duality of these
objects, and that it would continue to persist regardless of anything which
could be done.

We know, of course, that
if a length of insulated wire were wound around the soft iron bar, and a flow
of electrons were induced in the winding, the two bars could be made to exhibit
a repulsion as readily as an attraction. Note that in this case we have not
destroyed the field of the permanent magnet, we have not shielded the field,
nor have we overcome it. We have simply produced a field which is in opposition
to it, or to state the case more concisely, we have polarized the field, by
placing one end of the soft iron bar within the negative portion of the
magnetic curve with respect to each end of the permanent magnet which is
already so polarized.

The same possibility
exists with respect to gravitational fields except that the results are not
obtained in quite the same way. It is not too difficult, however, to work out
means of polarizing a gravitational field, once we discard the old assumption
that it is impossible.




To sum up as concisely as possible, the conclusion reached
in our discussion of the factor of nature which we call gravity, we will
propose the follow-ing corrections and additions to the gravitational theory as
it is now commonly taught.

1. The law of gravity is
not a linear law but follows a curve common to all factors of nature.

2. The gravitational
field does not diminish precisely as the square of the distance as Newton
believed, but because of the curvature of natural law, it diminishes normally
at a slightly greater rate so that it reaches zero value, not at infinity as is
usually supposed, but at a finite distance or degree of separation. Beyond this
distance or degree of separation the force becomes negative.

3. We can define a
gravitational field as negative when the application of the factor called time
tends to increase the degree of separation between any two reference points in
the factor called matter.

4. The value of the
gravitational field at any given point is controlled by the values of the other
factors of nature at that point.

5. The electric charges
within the atom are a factor which modulates the shape of the gravitational
curve of the nucleus.

6. Gravity is not the
enemy of space travel. It is a friend, but there must be true understanding
before the friendship can bear fruit.

7. It is perfectly
possible to produce a negative gravitational field between the earth and a
given object on or near its surface by the proper application of moving
electric charges. Such a field would be effective only with respect to the
given object. All other matter in the vicinity would remain within the positive
portion of the curve.







   Because we were not taught

   To  rise above the smog

   Of negative earthbound thought.



   Dark clouds of selfishness,

   Of greed, of hate, of war,

   Our higher thoughts repress.



   That guides us to the Light.

   Confusion holds full sway until we raise our sight.



   Flies swift and sure and high;

   Its mighty power controlled;

   Its dominion all the sky.



   For use by modern Mind,

   There is no longer need

   For ever  Flying Blind”

Mera Gaskill



How futile is a pedestal

That elevates a man apart

From every neighbor save when he

Looks up with humble heart.

For even the most reverent

Will weary of the strain until

His eyes, grown careless of the man,

See but the pedestal.

— Stella Weston Tuttle




A series of six tape recorded talks, received from the
Space Beings, is now available. These messages are received by a group working
with Dick Miller.

            Titles: To Men of Earth; from Voltra and

                        Earthman Come Home; from Hatonn

                        The Lost Planet (Mol-dek) ; from

                        The Red Planet

                        Solar Government

                        Sons of Light

The first three talks are available. The remainder will be
presented as soon as they are received. These are extremely interesting and
informative re-cordings which are not received in “trance state” but
by means of a physical instrument. They may be obtained by contacting:

Harry M. Gesner

4775 Topeka

Dr. Tarzana, Calif.

The forthcoming Spacecraft Convention at Giant Rock, California,
bids fair to be the greatest gathering of people interested in Spacecraft that
has yet taken place.

Every mail brings inquiries concerning accommodations from
people in all parts of the country. For those who enjoy camping out, the
simplest solu-tion to the problem is a sleeping bag. There is ample space at
Giant Rock for everyone to camp.

We advise those wishing motel reservations at Yucca,
Joshua Tree or Twenty Nine Palms to get their requests in early.

The May issue of Understanding will be a few days late in
going to press in order that we may give you a report on the Third Annual
Spacecraft Convention.




ARMY OF LIGHT, by Florence Donovan, R.N……$1.50

FREEDOM FOR ALL, by Neville ……………… 2.50

GREAT SAUCER CONSPIRACY, by Maj. Donald Keyboe ……3.50

HUMAN DESTINY, by LeComte DuNouy ………….. 3.75

PEACE, by Florence Donovan  …… .50

INTO THIS WORLD AND OUT AGAIN, by Geo. Van Tassel ………. 1.50

POWER OF POSITIVE THINKING, by Norman Vincent Peale ………. 2.95

THE CASE FOR THE U F O, by M. K. Jessup……………

TO MEN OF EARTH, by Daniel Fry ………..  1.00

UNDERSTANDING GOD, by Vivian Williams ………. 1.00

UNITY IN THE SPIRIT, by Comtesse de Pierrefea …..

UNIVERSE AND DR. EINSTEIN, by Lincoln Barnett…………

WHITE SANDS INCIDENT, by Daniel Fry ……….. 1.50

WISDOM IN PRACTICE, by Vera Stanley Alder ………….. 2.75

YOU ARE UNLIMITED, by Rhoda Lachar -…………. 3.00

THE SEARCH FOR BRIDEY MURPHY, by Morey Bernstein …  3.75


LITTLE LISTENING POST……. (four issues) 1.00

PROCEEDINGS …….. Donation basis

SAUCERS ……. .25


These books may be purchased from Understanding. We pay
all postage. Residents of California please add 3% Sales Tax.