INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR BANK ?
It now seems possible that the U.S. and the Soviet Union
may actually conclude a treaty in which both agree to dispose of all short and
intermediate range nuclear missiles. Both sides seem to have recognized the
futility of continuing to expend the vast sums necessary to build, ship, deploy
and maintain the constantly growing number of these mutucidal devices, and both
sides would like to quit. However, neither side dares to do it unless the other
is also doing it at the same time and in the same proportion. This inevitably
raises some problems which are not easy to solve. One of these is, exactly how
the disposal of the missiles is to be accomplished. The present plan seems to
be that each side will first remove the nuclear material from the missile to be
destroyed, and the delivery system, usually a rocket, will then be destroyed in
the presence of observers from the other, side, to insure that they were, in
fact, destroyed. The problem is that, since neither side, as yet, really trusts
the other, and because nuclear material, whether it be the plutonium of simple
bombs or the deuterium and tritium used to boost the bang in hydrogen bombs, is
fairly readily adaptable to any form of delivery system, the present plan of
disposal will inevitably raise questions that will become more pressing as the
time for signing and implementation of the treaty nears. Each side is certain
to say to itself, "This treaty allows us to watch the destruction of the
rockets, but how can we know that the nuclear material taken out of them, will
not be used to arm new missiles now being developed, or perhaps already built?
How can I know that it will not be used to increase the number of I.C.B.M.s,
which are not mentioned in the treaty?
Since it is highly unlikely that either side could or
would tolerate a continuous monitoring of their nuclear stockpile by agents of
the other side, it seems likely that the only solution acceptable to both sides
would be the establishment of nuclear banks, located in each of the countries,
but under the observation and, if necessary, the supervision of representatives
of neutral nations, whose job it would be to record and to publish
periodically, the total amount and nature of newly created nuclear material, as
well as that recovered from discontinued systems, and also to record and
publish the amount of nuclear material installed in new systems, as well as the
nature and purpose of the systems in which it had been installed.
All of this may seem to be an extreme of openness
reachable only in the wildest flight of fancy. A few years ago it would have
been. Today however, the leaders of the major countries appear to be awakening
to the realization that the danger of human extermination is real and present
and unless there is some willingness to compromise by both sides, may come
about sooner than we think!
In the past, both sides have made great efforts to keep
secret the number and capability of their weapons, with the result that each
side developed the phobia that the other side was ahead, and, like a dog
chasing its tail, began a desperate race to catch up with the other, even
though the 'overkill' had long passed the point where additional weapons could
have any real significance.
If, on the other hand, each side could know, at all times,
exactly what weapons the other side had, 90% of the tension would disappear and
both could probably get along nicely with one tenth of the weapons they
now have. In any event, the leaders of both sides seem agreed that it is not
logical to continue spending themselves and each other into total insolvency,
solely to make certain that, in case of war, both sides will be totally
(signed Daniel W. Fry)
GOD'S SERVING ANGELS
'Tis written that the serving angels stand
Beside God's throne, ten myriads on each hand,
Waiting, with wings outstretched and watchful eyes,
To do their Master's heavenly embassies.
Quicker than thought His high commands they read,
Swifter than light to execute them speed,
Bearing the word of power from star to star
Some hither and some thither. near and far,
And unto these naught is too high or low.
Too mean or mighty, if He wills it so;
Neither is any creature, great or small,
Beyond His pity, which embraceth all,
Because His eye beholdeth all which are,
Sees without search, and cometh without care;
Nor any ocean rolls so vast that He
Forgets one wave of all that restless sea.
was heavy, for its trust had been
Abused, its kindness answered with foul wrong;
turning gloomily from my fellow-men.
One summer Sabbath day I strolled among
green mounds of the village burial-place:
Where, pondering how all human love and hate
Find one sad level; and how, soon or late,
and wrongdoer, each with meekened face,
And cold hands folded over a still heart,
green threshold of our common grave.
Whither all footsteps tend, whence none depart.
myself, and pitying my race,
Our common sorrow, like a mighty wave,
Swept all my pride away, and, trembling, I forgave!
John Greenleaf Whittier