CHANGE .................................................................................................... 2
OTHER PLACES-OTHER PEOPLE ........................................................................... 3
TO MEET THE UNMEETABLE .................................................................................... 5
WITCHDOCTORS AND PSYCHIATRISTS ............................................................... 7
THE POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF MEDITATION ...................................................... 8
UFOs INTERNATIONAL ............................................................................................... 10
Poet’s corner .......................................................................................................... 11
WHAT OTHERS ARE SAYING .................................................................................... 12
World-Space Song ................................................................................................. 13
world report ........................................................................................................... 14
book reviews ............................................................................................................ 18
——— ♦ ———
EDITOR ........................................................................................... Dr.
DANIEL W. FRY
asst. editor ........................................................................... kerttu
assoc. editor .......................................................................... margaret
circulation manager ................................................... clara
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UNDERSTANDING, P.O. BOX 206, MERLIN, OREGON 97532
Volume XIX MAY 1974 Number
Dedicated to the propagation
of a better understanding among all the peoples of the earth, and of those who
are not of earth.
Most of the thinking people in this country today, are
asking them-selves what basic changes, if any, in our political format, will
come about as a result of the continuing disclosures of widespread cynicism,
corruption and outright criminal acts, in the highest echelons of government.
Wherever the investigators dig, more dirt comes to the surface, and no one
knows for sure, how long the investigations will last, or how many more persons
will be exposed.
Very few citizens have become outraged or indignant about
the disclosures, probably because most of them are aware that the same general
situation has existed in the ranks of the Federal Government for many years,
but that never before has there been so much intensive and determined
investigation, and never before have there been investigators who simply would
not take gobblegook for an answer.
Actually, it is those who have been indicted, and are
being tried on criminal charges, who are confused and somewhat indignant. The
right to deceive and to rob the people (within certain limits) has long been
considered to be one of the standard 'fringe benefits' that automatically
accrue to anyone holding high public office. The ancient motto, "To the
Victors Belong the Spoils," has never been an idle one in American
politics, and the companion saying, "All is Fair in Love, War and
Politics," has been taken too seriously, for too long, by too many
The true importance of the Watergate, and allied
investigations lies not in the greed, graft and lust for power that they
expose, these facets of human nature have been with us always, and are likely
to continue as factors in politics for some time to come. What is most
significant is the fact that the 'continuing investigations' actually do
continue to investigate, and to expose, in spite of the tremendous efforts,
made at high levels, to close them down. They serve as a needed reminder to the
politician, that he is the servant of the people and not the master, as so many
have come to believe. They also serve to remind the people that government is
still responsible to them, if they have the energy and the courage to demand an
accounting. (A simple fact, but one which has lain dormant under the mantle of
political dominance for several decades.)
The salutary effects of the investigations, on government
in general, are almost certain to outweigh any temporary problems resulting
from its hesitancy to act, and the effect upon the peoples of other countries
will be to demonstrate that the peoples of a democracy can still demand honesty
of their elected officials. (A quality for which the peoples of many other
countries would not even dare to ask.)
(This is the second in a series of four articles on the
"Orient Odyssey" of Under-standing member-MALENE ENGLESTAD-of Santa
Monica, Calif. The 38 day trip was made during April and May 1973.)
TAIWAN, Republic of China
A moist, hot air hit us mercilessly the moment we stepped
out of the plane in TEIPEI, capital of Taiwan. The Chinese are very proud of
the newly finished memorial to Sun Yat Sen, a huge building housing a huge
picture of the General. Many of its rooms are to be used for civic affairs.
Here they also have a beautiful National Palace Museum which houses a treasury
of priceless Chinese scrolls, porcelain and jade brought over from the mainland
in 1911 and 1949 by refugees of two revolutions. I felt an undercurrent of
discontent, apathy and resentment. Was it because they were separated from the
mainland Chinese . . . or was it revolt against the newcomers, as the group
which came with Chiang Kai Shek has taken control of the country?
The Grand Hotel built by Madame Chiang Kai Shek has a
notable stairway where two huge white lions guard its red carpeted steps. It
was here on an early morning, walking out, that for the first time I witnessed
a group of men and women doing their exercises: Tai Chi movements.
MAY 1974 3
The movements seem to have different meanings for each
individual. They climb a hill-a mountain-especially where there is a church,
temple, or a shrine, by foot, motorcycle or car. In groups or singly they start
different body movements. It becomes a ritual for many, a prayer, and in
silence their every movement includes heaven. Facing East toward the sunrise
they move slowly and rhythmically. Others in groups chatter while their bodies exercise,
each constantly moving slowly. A couple of them invited me to join them. Later on
I saw this spontaneous early morning exercise in Thailand, Hong Kong, and many
other locations. What a beautiful way to prepare for the day.
An hour's flight and we were on the Eastern Coast of
Taiwan, at the city of HUALIEN amidst corn and sugar-cane fields. Our
destination was the famous Toroko Gorge. Carved from solid granite and marble
it is one of the natural wonders of the world. Below was a noisy, fast moving
stream. We stopped many a time to walk through the tunnels and admire the
fantastic rock formations. Fascinating)
At one of the stops we crossed a long bridge to the Shrine
of Eternal Spring built over a lovely waterfall. There is a feeling of complete
peace and harmony with which a thousand years of worship has imbued the rocks
Our plane back to Teipei was delayed and we stopped at an
outdoors puppet show. A gaudy, noisy affair which had attracted a group of
children and oldsters. When we arrived the show was forgotten . . . all eyes
were turned to us with never a smile, almost scowling. Sign of a people who
have lost their identity? Or just shy?
In contrast, Thailand is a gracious country, the product
of many centuries rule of benevolent monarchs (the Ramas, I-VII), some type of
a constitutional monarchy since 1958, and headquarters of SEATO. It is reported
that GI money and U.S. gifts all have made the people greedy, selfish, and
The Bangkok Delta is a beautiful country of plenty, green
with blue klongs (canals) wandering through the city of Bangkok, capital of
Thai-land. Although called Venice of the East, the klongs here are more a
background for farmland. Life on the klongs is easy-going, crowded with
children and daily activities of bathing, washing, gaily decorated barges
peddling their wares and serving the tourists.
In Bangkok we visited the 18th century Grand Palace, the
old walled imperial city, where we saw the famous 23 inches tall Emerald
Buddha, (actually green jasper). This is a city of 400 Buddhist monasteries
with their ornate, glittering pagodas and saffron clad monks.
A fascinating project we visited was the fabulous Ancient City,
gigantic undertaking of the past ten years where at a cost
of $20 million replicas of 1,000 years of Thai history have been constructed to
three-quarter scale. Temples, Palaces, houses and such have been painstaking-ly
erected to original models . . . 216 acres of a panorama of ancient Thailand,
very excitingly represented. One man's vision realized, a dream put into
Burma awakens memories of rather a backward, unknown
country ... a country still living in its past glories, and mysteries. The
country is covered with thousands of brown stupas (solid cylindrical mounds
serving as Buddhist shrines) ... Actually about 5000 left out of 13,000 after
the country was sacked by the Mogul Emperor, Kublai Khan, during the 13th
century. These are intermingled with the golden and white pagodas.
Burma, in the minds of some members of the tour, was not a
happy memory. They found a couple of innocent cockroaches in the bath-room ...
the product of hot, sultry, moist weather. While traveling in the Orient and Asia
one has to remember to be tolerant. Lack of efficient maintenance is often
deplorable. However, over and over one is reminded of the fact that extremely
hot seasons followed by monsoon rains is depleting to human energy, and
devastating to paint, and mortar. In the month of May the extreme heat just
before the monsoon rains was almost unbearable.
The Inya Lake Hotel in Rangoon, capital of Burma, was
built with communist money about fifteen years ago. Having seen Russian
architecture there was no doubt in my mind the massive, rectangular, bold,
stark building was of Russian origin! However, after about ten years they had
turned it over to the Burmese government. In Rangoon it was still the best
hotel . . . Air-conditioning inadequate, water sometimes brownish, and service
inefficient. Lack of water and electricity makes it difficult to cater to the
tourist industry. I think we were the first group allowed to enter Burma for
But the memory of Burma is most exciting to me now that I
am sit-ting comfortably at home. The Inya Lake was beautiful ... Flamboyant
trees with scarlet blooms brilliant against the mirror of the quiet lake . . .
Jacaranda trees, flowers like candles pointing to heaven . . . Poinsettias,
white and pink blooming in profusion.
An excursion to Pagan, in northern Burma, brings many
memories: There we walked barefoot through the many temples, scorching our feet
in the almost unbearable heat. We met "many faces of Buddha,"
thousands of them, and learned of the "endless wisdom of Buddha." At
one temple we climbed 63 steps to the upper terrace where the
MAY 1974 5
bricks were exceedingly hot ... but the memorable view of
Pagan, the whole valley with its thousands of stupas, pagodas, temples and the
River Irrawaddy which begins in the Tibetan mountains and ends in the Indian
Ocean, in the distance, will never leave me. I would love to see it all when
(To be continued)
When we get up in the morning many of us have to go forth
to meet the unmeetable in situations facing us. We may at one time have thought
we could arrange our lives and our world so that everything would be sunny and
cozily embraceable. But more and more we have confronting us the unpalatable,
the unmanageable, the downright unspeakable. How do we, then, meet the
inevitable, the things we do not like but cannot change, in what awaits us?
The writer knows of at least three ways open to us. When
we see that a flower is not blooming as we hoped and expected, we can try
holding a shotgun to the plant and shouting, "Bloom, flower!" This is
a technique attributed to W. C. Fields, and should guarantee the maximum in
comic frustration. We could play it for laughs, but not for much else in the
way of results.
The first method we might for our purposes call the
"Bloom or boom! School." The second is the "Come back, little Sheba!"
idea. This comes from a play of the same name in which Shirley Booth played the
lead. A frowsy housewife, she calls out repeatedly and pathetically for all
that has abandoned her-husband, dog, youth, looks, romance-to come back to her,
little Sheba being the missing dog. It's great for pathos, but doesn't bring
back little Sheba or anything else except an echo.
The third approach is so simple, yet so deep, that it
takes the Bible to bring it to us. It is being able to say "Thy will, not
mine, be done" to whatever happens with the understanding of the
dialectics operating in back of those words. This requires us to do our
These six words taken by themselves might sound like an
invitation to let resignation set in, to be passive and reconciled to the
inevitable. But fortunately the Bible gives us a valuable clue in another
passage as to how to proceed. We are advised not so much to conform to the uses
of the world as to transform ourselves through renewal of the mind. In other
words, even though we cannot always help what happens to us, we can help how we
take what happens. The last Biblical passage hints at how to do that without
merely accepting events passively. By
transforming things, renewing things, making them and
ourselves afresh in our mind, we assume an active role even in what happens to
us. We make it our fate, our destiny, but not our bad luck.
Method No. 3 will work, but not instantly. It takes a
while for "Thy will, not mine" to be recognized for what it is.
Patience is required. The Orientals, long famous for theirs, have a poem called
"Patience" which sums up what is needed:
It is no patience which you can bear patiently, Patience
is to bear what is unbearable.
Patience is to bear what is unbearable, unpalatable,
unmanageable, unspeakable, unfathomable-all the undesirables.
That is the only kind of patience that will find out how
"Thy will" and "mine" can become one. Then we will not be
afraid of meeting with the unmeetable within ourselves and without.
The term witchdoctor, according to E. Fuller Torrey,
psychiatrist and anthropologist, is Western in origin, imposed on the healers
of other cultures by explorers of the 18th and 19th Centuries. "The world
was simpler then, and the newly discovered cultures were quickly assigned their
proper status in the order of things. We were white, they were black. We were
civilized, they were primitive. We were Christian, they were pagan. We used
science, they used magic."
Dr. Torrey, in his book: The Mind Game, Witchdoctors and
Psychiatrists, holds that we have much to learn from the therapists of other
cultures, for "witchdoctors and psychiatrists perform essentially the same
function in their respective cultures. They are both therapists; both treat
patients, using similar techniques; and both get similar results. Recognition
of this should not downgrade psychiatrists-rather it should upgrade
In an article in the Cincinnati Enquirer (7/23/72) Dr. Torrey ex-plains the similarity of the techniques, the four common components
of curing used by doctor-healers all over the world.
The first of the components, as he terms the techniques,
is the naming process-telling to the patient of what is wrong with him. His
problem then is no longer unknown, someone understands, and this implies that a
cure is possible. "Further, the act of naming what is wrong is therapeutic
in that it may activate a series of associated ideas in the patient's mind,
producing confession, emotional reaction and general catharsis."
Therapists in all cultures use the "naming process" in exactly
MAY 1974 7
the same way.
The second healing component, common to all therapists, is
their personality value. Research reveals that certain personality
characteristics-accurate empathy, non-possessiveness, warmth, genuineness-are
crucial to effective therapy. (This suggests that our selection of therapists
should be based more on personality fitness than book learning and number of
The third component of the healing process that appears to
be universal is the patient's expectations, and healers all over the world use
many ways to raise these hopes. Among the factors to create these expectations
are: impressiveness of the building where healing is offered; distance needed
to travel to reach the healer; evidence of a period of training-college degrees
or tribal training to become a medicine man.
And finally, "high fees are the rule for
psychotherapists in many countries and often there is thought to be a
correlation between how much the therapist costs and how good he is. There are
few starving witchdoctors in the world, just as there are few starving
To Dr. Torrey the fact that the two healing methods have
so much in common suggests "changes in selection and training of
psychiatrists, psychologists and psychiatric social workers. It suggests new
sources of mental health manpower. It suggests changes in the community mental
health manpower, and in the mental health center approach for large segments of
our population. It suggests radically different types of mental health services
for other countries. And it suggests we have been remarkably nearsighted in
undervaluing the contributions of other cultures to psychiatry, while we have
overvalued our own."
We add: that as we understand we no longer belittle nor
judge an-other's ways.
(Excerpts from Article by Terri Schultz, TODAY'S
HEALTH, April 1972)
Terri Schultz didn't really believe Transcendental
Meditation (TM) could do much for her, but she embarked on this "mystery
tour of the mind" only four days after first hearing about it. She says
" . . . on this January night, after three months of meditating for 20
minutes twice a day, something happened which prodded me into unwilling belief.
I usually keep an alarm clock tucked between the couch cushions during
meditation and peek at it to see if 20 minutes has passed-the suggested time
period for each meditation. This time the alarm went off accidentally. The
shock was immediate. My eyes opened wide, my heart pounded frantically, my limbs
were weak and shaky, my stomach was
queasy. In short, I felt as if I had surfaced too fast
from a deep dive. And my first question was---where have I come back from? What
is happening to my mind during these thoughtless, timeless minutes?
"That night I was forced to notice for the first time
all the gradual changes in my life. My study was cluttered with free-lance
articles I had contracted for in the last few weeks----after years of
procrastination. Sewing interested me for the first time since high school, and
new drapery material lay ready for the needle. In the last two months, I had
entertained more friends at home and tried more new recipes than I had in the
entire previous year. I had somehow changed, and all I could attribute it to, the
only thing new in my life, was transcendental meditation."
The phenomenon of TM is so new in America that so far no
one knows what makes it work. The most substantial medical research has come
out of Harvard Medical School where Dr. Herbert Benson tested student meditators
who felt they could lower their own blood pressures while practicing TM. After
preliminary tests showed definite physiological changes, Drs. Benson and Robert
K. Wallace, who had been working independently, joined forces and continued
their studies together.
The results of these tests show physiological changes the
doctors say cannot be produced through hypnosis or sleep. Their research shows
that after five to ten minutes of meditation, oxygen consumption de-creased 17
percent, a change equivalent to seven hours of deep sleep. Blood lactate
concentration decreased-a possible sign of anxiety reduction. Skin resistance
and alpha waves increased, consistent with deep relaxation.
The phrase "Don't get excited-your blood pressure
will go up," suggests that in today's world it's difficult not to get
upset. Dr. Benson says "if environment causes harmful physiologic changes,
a useful therapy might lie in controlling ourselves and our reaction to our
stressful environments." Initial Benson-Wallace studies show meditation
does produce bodily changes that conceivably could have some future use in
The technique of TM was brought to America 13 years ago by
the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi of India, who directs his work from his Majorca headquarters.
TM is unrelated to religion, he says, and can be learned by housewife, student,
or genius. It does not require concentration or years of study, it can be
learned in seven easy lessons, and the benefits are immediate.
Charles Donahue, Midwest regional coordinator of TM,
explained " . . . at the base of our thinking is a field of consciousness,
and each time we dip into that field we expand our potential for each
MAY 1974 9
thought. It's like a clear pond, with sand at the
base," said Donahue, who graduated from Dartmouth with a degree in logic.
"The sand is our field of pure consciousness, our source of thought. Its
characteristics are energy, creative intelligence, fulfillment. An air bubble
is released from the sand. In our analogy, the bubble is a single impulse of
consciousness. When first released, the bubble is powerful and concentrated.
Energy is always powerful close to its source. As it becomes more gross, pushes
to the surface level of the mind, it becomes less powerful. When it bursts on
the surface, it is a thought.
"If we could lower the surface level of the pond, the
bubbles would burst earlier, giving us greater mental potential. Then we could
say man was not only fulfilled, but that he was free, with the freedom of being
open to himself."
Around 80,000 Americans now practice TM. For them, of
course, the real importance of the technique lies in the profound effects which
it is said to produce on the quality of every-day life. These were summarized
recently in a lecture given at Stanford University by a physician, Dr. Demetri
P. Kanallakos. They include increased energy and efficiency in performing any
kind of work; increased tranquility of mind coupled with decreased physical and
mental tension; partial or complete loss of desire for hallucinogenic and
similar drugs including alcohol; increased creativity, productivity, and
intuitiveness. These effects, Dr. Kanallakos emphasizes, come about rapidly,
easily, and quite automatically and do not depend on the adoption of any new
beliefs or strange style of living.
Research into TM is very new, and much more must be
completed before any definite answers will be available. One group of doctors
(who meditate themselves) is planning to conduct a test of the metabolic
changes of meditators over a 10-year period. They are especially interested in
finding possible treatments for psychosomatic-related illnesses, such as
hypertension, peptic ulcers and neuroses.
Anyone interested in Transcendental Meditation may write
to the Students Inter-national Meditation Society, 1015 Gayley Avenue, Los
Angeles, CA 90024, or phone 213-477-4537 for further information.
Sightings at Turin, Italy
The February 10th issue of the National Enquirer offers an
article on the November sightings of UFOs in the vicinity of the Caselle Airport
in Turin, Italy.
On November 24th, 1973, a University of Turin biology
student photographed a bright object in the area, at the time the newspapers
were receiving reports of many sightings. Franco Contin
and his fiancée saw a luminous point moving across the sky-then it became
dull-then turned red like a burning ball. Contin took some photographs, which
when developed "showed a distinct cigar-shaped outline and another showed
it like a ball of light disappearing behind a hill."
Domenico de Francesco, a security guard at the Caselle Airport,
said he had sighted the craft on several occasions before it was photographed
on November 24th.
Then on November 30th, professional pilot Riccardo Marano,
was re-turning from a flight in a small plane when the control tower told him a
UFO was hovering high over the runway. The tower said it was the size of a
DC-8, and asked Marano to take a closer look.
"Suddenly, when I was about 2-1/2 miles from the
runway, I saw it-an enormous luminous globe, giving out a tremendous light
which went from violet to blue and even red," said Marano. "I'll
admit I was frightened, but when it moved away I followed it."
The pilot thought it was traveling at about 300 miles an hour-when
he lunged for it, "it took off with a whoosh, straight up in the air at
about 3,500 miles an hour, and disappeared completely."
The object was also chased by Giovanni Mezzalami, of Alitalia
Airlines. "I was alerted by the control tower, and I saw a bright object
moving squarely cross the sky," he said. "I followed it about one and
a quarter miles in my DC-9 airline, but turned back when it disappeared at
Even before the airport sighting, thousands of people had
seen the object hovering over Turin, and hundreds had called the newspapers to
describe the object's strange pattern of hanging in the air, and then moving
quickly and changing course with abrupt 90 degree turns.
Over Nagai, Japan
(CBA International from Mainichi Daily News, Japan)
Police sergeant Yoshiyuki Matsuda, of the traffic section
of Nagai Police Station, while investigating an accident around 11 p.m. on July 9, 1973, photographed a luminous object with a trail streaming and flying
away from northeast to southwest.
The police sergeant said the night was cloudy after the
rain and no star was to be seen. His negatives were examined by CBA
International and proved to be without flaw, ray leak or ghost image.
Meanwhile in Yamagata City, which lies close to Nagai, a
few round objects, shining in milky white, appeared in the vicinity of Mt. Ohmori.
More than 50 inhabitants saw them appear and disappear repeatedly for over four
hours from 9 p.m.
MAY 1974 11
NOTHING AS WELCOME
There's nothing as welcome
as the sun when you're cold,
a light when you're scared
or love when you cry.
There's nothing so needed as,
water when you thirst,
music when you're sad
or a bed at day's end.
There's nothing man wants more
a lover for his love,
a listener when he speaks
or god when he's alone.
There's just nothing people
than a home
when they have been away for
a peace for all men or all men
It is a little known fact that
walking along the same road
only minutes behind the
was a man from Perea
who was every bit as
and willing to help someone in
because of timing
the word "Perean" is
invariably preceded by the
(SHADOWS, Edited by Inmates of the Oregon State
Penitentiary, September 1944)
Edith Hamilton, the author of Mythology, tells us
in one of her lovely chapters, that man, when created, was a perfect being
until Pandora opened a small mysterious box and many tiny insects swarmed out
and from that time on man has been beset by a multitude of evils. Somehow it
seems superfluous to have had more than two, Jealousy and its
inseparable companion Hate. These two seem the breeders of all evils men
Jealousy is like a boa-constrictor that strangles every
God-like sentiment within the heart. It distorts the mind and poisons the soul.
It wraps us more fiercely in its coils until imagination and hallucination
Jealousy in love cannot be anything but an inferiority
complex, and is manifested by showing despicable traits of pettiness. Love is
unselfish, love is trusting, yet it can be destroyed by jealousy.
Envy of accomplishment is again an avowal of
inferiority-plus the admission of slothfulness; if it were not we would strive
tirelessly until we too had attained the same knowledge by effort and study.
Instead of being jealously hateful we would admire and admiration would be an
incentive to emulate attainment instead of envying them.
Jealousy of material things is the lowest form of a
cancerous evil. When Greed becomes our God, we singe the immortal freedom of
the soul and become slaves of perishable things that we had not at birth and
will not have when we return to dust.
Jealousy destroys beauty. Darting eyes and tightened lips
are not beautiful. Medusa-like, it repels the beholder, for it reveals a dead
soul. There is nothing more admirable than unselfishness-the antithesis of
jealousy. Was not Florence Nightingale, Pasteur, Madame Curie and in-numerable
others who have made this world of ours a better place for us and future
generations, splendid examples of unselfishness?
If they had devoted their lives to jealousy and
selfishness, would they have done so much for humanity? We can admire people
who have attained the heights. Why not also unselfishly admire the smaller
accomplishments of our neighbor? Why not encourage those we envy, help the
women who are talented in this little community, praise their work, admire
their endeavor, yes and even be proud of them? Then without envy we can share a
common field of endeavor, of study and gracious living-even here.
There can be no happiness in jealousy and undermining
MAY 1974 13
the object of our envy; in malicious lies about those who
through hard work, and study have achieved enviable records here. Let us be
generous and unselfish, for it brings serenity and contentment. It leaves the
soul free and young; it brings us closer to the Likeness unto which we were
created than any other quality we possess.
Let us be generous and unselfish without show, humbly,
sincerely, and we will find, at the most unexpected times, that we have a
MARY JO-The Clarion
(Composed by Sister Celine Fleischanderl for
Understanding, Inc. Sister Celina, an International Contributing Member, is a
teacher in a Girls' School of Upper Austria.)
(South African Digest, Feb. 22, 1974)
South Africa's abundant sun shine has come to the rescue in
the present fuel crisis. Cape Town engineer, Mr. A. Weideman told the S.A.
Financial Gazette that more than 100,000 South African homes and several
industries will be using water heated by solar energy by the end of 1974.
The demand for solar water heaters has been so great that
two new factories are planned in the Transvaal and the Western Cape Province
which will eventually pro-duce 200,000 water heaters a year.
The Parow factory, which makes stainless steel cooling
plates and boilers-mainly for the Cape wine industry-is operating around the
clock to produce 60 heaters a day.
An Australian engineering firm has bought the rights to
produce the stainless steel, glass-insulated units under franchise, and Mr.
Weideman is working on a second model which will generate steam as well as
(Daily Courier, Grants Pass, Oregon, March 9,
AKRON, Ohio (AP)- More than a half-million scrap tires
were banded into bundles and dropped in the ocean this year to build artificial
reefs off the nation's coasts, according to the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.,
which provided scrap tires and tire compacting machinery for the projects.
The reefs are now providing havens for numerous species of
Pakistan Video Fights Illiteracy
(Daily Courier, Grants Pass, Oregon, March 9,
RAWALPINDI (API) - Pakistan Television Corporation later
this year will launch an ambitious scheme aimed at overcoming one of the major
drawbacks to progress in the country-illiteracy.
At present about 55 million out of Pakistan's total
population of 65 million are illiterate. Every year the number of people who
can neither read nor write grows by one million.
Aslam Azhar, managing director of Pakistan television,
MAY 1974 15
can be no question but that the campaign for adult
education is the most clear, urgent and yet neglected need in Pakistan. Indeed
it is here that education is engaged in a race against disaster."
It is to combat this situation that Pakistan TV is
introducing educational television.
Because the cost of a television set-about $400-is far
beyond the reach of all but a small minority in the country, educational TV
will revolve viewing centers.
The first 200 of these are to be set up in the Punjab
province in the spring. Each center will be staffed with teachers trained to
make use of the literacy programs that will be transmitted by PTV.
The literacy course lasts for six months. At the end of
that time, if there is a 100 per cent success rate, the 200 centers in the Punjab
will graduate 12,000 men and the same number of women able to read and write.
By spreading the centers all over the country and assuming
the necessary teachers are available, those involved say that in theory it
should be possible to make 41 million people literate in nine or ten years.
Tasks for Pets
(The Mail Tribune, Medford, Oregon, March 7,
By ROBERT MUSEL
LONDON (UPI)-The programming of family pets to perform
various tasks and various deeds, good or evil as required, may be fairly common
practice by the year 2000, according to an American psychologist.
Dr. Boris Levinson of Touro College in New York, a
specialist on relationships between people and animals, said that by the end of
the century pets controlled by brain electrodes may become commonplace. Recent
experiments make this a strong probability.
Dr. Levinson told a symposium organized by the British
Small Animals' Veterinary Association, "In a sense the electrodes will
make the animals become living robots. They will be able to open doors, close
windows, adjust beds and even call for help."
He said pets could even be used for warfare and for
espionage and if the knowledge of the genetic engineering involved fell into
the hands of insurgent groups they could be employed in bombings and in plane
hijackings. Criminals might use them in the commission of theft, robbery and
But he said most pets would play a highly beneficial role
in society-"a very important safety valve in a sick society"-as
specially trained companions to invalids, old people, childless couples and
Dr. Levinson's remarks brought quick reactions in this
nation of animal lovers,
Aromas Linked to Compatibility
(Houston Post, Houston, Texas, Dec. 30, 1973)
MANCHESTER, England (UPI)- Dr. Ivor Felstein has been
sniffing at love. He claims you should be able to find your ideal partner by
smell. Writing in the medical newspaper Pulse, he said there should be a new
kind of specialist, the semmologist, he could tell couples if their aromas were
not compatible, the doctor said.
"When one considers the overall value that a sense of
smell may have for the physician or social worker, it is surprising that
neither is asked about this sense at interviews."
Whistling 'It' Lands, Lifts
(Southwest Times Record, Fort Smith, Ark., Feb.
VINITA, Okla. (AP)- A silvery, flashing object "the
size of a bedroom" and emitting a shrill whistle terrorized a dairyman's
herd and frightened his herd dog into hiding before dawn Monday, the dairyman
The object took off and landed three times in a pasture
near this northeastern Oklahoma town, Clay Knight told Deputy Sheriff Joe
"The man was scared or shook enough that you could
tell he was startled by whatever it was," Davenport said. "It wasn't
any prank or fake call. He was really sincere about it and was scared."
Knight said the object, first sighted about 4:30 a.m., was a shiny, silver color and had flashing red or orange lights, the deputy
"He said it was making a high-pitched noise, real
shrill," the deputy said. "It was a sort of whistling sound."
The dairyman was getting his herd out for early-morning
milking when he saw the object.
Family Chased by UFO
(Southwest Times Record, Fort Smith, Ark., Nov.
OTTAWA (AP)-An Ottawa family says an unidentified flying
object with flashing white lights chased their truck along a highway at speeds
up to 100 miles an hour last week.
Rick Bouchard, 25, his wife Donna and their three
children, were re-turning to Ottawa on Highway 417 Thursday evening.
"Then I noticed these bright lights in my side-view
mirror," said Bouchard.
He said he drove at speeds up to 100 m.p.h. to escape a
10-foot wide, oval-shaped object with flashing, white lights.
MAY 1974 17
The object came within 15 feet of the truck during the
chase and hovered about four feet over the road, he said.
The object finally disappeared behind trees and the Bouchards
Fish Could Save Us From Disaster
(Sunday Express, London, Oct. 14,1973; Courtesy
IGAP Information Service)
The trouble with earthquakes is that they usually occur
without warning and people in danger areas have insufficient time to escape
from the upheaval.
But there is a good chance that the next big quake,
especially if it occurs in California, will not erupt without the community
having at least a few hours' notice. And, unlikely as it may seem, the warning
could come from a suffering catfish.
This, at any rate, is what I hear from Professor A. J. Kalmijn,
marine physicist at America's Scripps Institution of Oceanography, San Diego.
The professor, who has carried out hundreds of laboratory tests with catfish,
says these ugly, bewhiskered creatures have such sensitive nervous systems that
they can detect the onset of an earthquake from six to eight hours before it
The way they do it, he says, is by "feeling"
minute changes in the earth's electrical field which occur before an eruption.
The changes put the fish in such a state that they become visibly agitated and
thresh about in the water.
Nearly 30 years ago Japanese marine biologists noticed
catfish be-coming agitated for no apparent reason. They also noticed that this
curious behavior was often followed by a natural disaster such as an earthquake
or tidal wave. But they did not have any means of discovering exactly what
caused the agitation. So the idea was not followed up.
Professor Kalmijn came across it while checking through
old reports relating to earthquakes in Japan. He decided to give the idea a
proper scientific work-out using modern instruments and techniques.
Now he reports:-
"It is indisputable that catfish can detect an
approaching earthquake. We have proved beyond doubt that this fish reacts
violently to any change, even the most minute, in the earth's electrical
♦ ♦ ♦
It is not what you eat but what you digest that makes you
It is not what you earn but what you save that makes you
It is not what you learn but what you remember that makes
Love and Will
(Love and Will, Rollo May. W.W. Norton &
Co. Hardbound, $7.95; Bell Books, Paper, $2.95)
Love and Will, by Rollo May, discusses the
predicament in which a great many men and women find themselves today.
Repression of sexual expression during Victorian years resulted, predictably,
in rebellion. The current universal permissiveness in sexual matters resulted. Unfortunately,
what is available today is sex separated from Eros, the creative love force of
nature. We cling to each other and try to persuade our-selves that what we feel
is love. Eros is our capacity to participate in the constant dialogue with our
environment, the world of nature as well as persons.
Love and will are interdependent and belong together. To
help one is to strengthen the other. Will without love becomes manipulation, as
in the Victorian era. Love without will becomes sentimental and experimental.
We do not will because we are afraid if we choose one thing or one person, we
lose the other. Sex for many people has become more meaningless as it has
become more available. We grasp more fiercely at research, statistics, and
technical aids (Kinsey) in sex when we have lost the values and meanings of
" . . . in this failure of will," says Leslie
Faber, "lies the central pathology of our day." In such an age of
"disordered will" the individual is driven back into his own
As we are forced to search for the sources of love and
will, perhaps we shall discover the new forms which these essential experiences
need in order to become viable in the new age. We are seeking the bases on
which morality for the future can be founded.
Every sensitive person finds himself in Stephen Dedalus'
position: "I go forth . . . to forge in the smithy of my soul the
uncreated conscience of my race." When an age is torn loose from its
moorings ... more people can take steps to find and realize themselves.
Our problems have a curious characteristic not yet
MAY 1974 19
they predict the future. A few psychiatric patients
in the 1940's and 1950's were probing problems through therapy that are now
spread and apparent on every hand. Our psychological
enigmas express our unconscious desires. If there were not some new
possibility, there would be no crisis, there would be only despair.
The Psychological patient is the one who tries to express
and live out the subconscious tendencies in the culture. The usual defenses of
the culture do not work for him. He cannot solve his problems by living them
out "in work, religion, or education." He cannot or will not ad-just
to society. He is more sensitive than the average person and less able to
manage his anxiety. He may possess more than ordinary originality which pushes
for expression, and when blocked off, makes him ill. The neurotic, unable to
express the meanings and contradictions of his culture, is progressively unable
to cope with it. In contrast, the artist is able to express his conflicts, and
gives us a communication springing from unconscious levels of those living on
the frontiers of their society, living with one foot in the future.
People in therapy reveal useful data only when the human
being can break down the customary pretenses, hypocrisies, and defenses behind
which we all hide in "normal" social discourse. It is only suffering
that will lead people to endure the further pain and anxiety of uncovering the
roots of their problems. An individual's psychological problems re-veal also
archetypal qualities with meaning to all of mankind, for example the stories of
Orestes and Faust.
When we feel an emotion, if we come out with it no matter
how destructive it is, then we are left separated, alienated with no bridge to
the other people in our lives. Most people in our society experience their
emotions this lonely way. To feel, then, makes them more lonely, so they stop
feeling. Emotions, we should learn, are not just a push from the rear, but a
pointing toward something, a call to mold the future the way we want something
to be. Emotions, therefore, need to be channeled and controlled, since they are
a way of communicating with the significant people in our world.
There is a wealth of material in this book that will repay
study, especially symbology, archetypes, and myths and what they reveal to us
♦ ♦ ♦
Blessed is he who has learned to admire but not envy, to
follow but not imitate, to praise but not flatter, and to lead but not
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